Dick Raaymakers aka Kid Baltan (1930 – 2013) was a Dutch composer, theater maker and theorist. He was known as a pioneer in the field of electronic music and tape music. In addition, he realized numerous music theater pieces, art installations, and has published many theoretical essays.
Raaymakers was born in Maastricht and studied the piano at the Royal Conservatory of The Hague. From 1954 to 1960 he worked in the field of electro-acoustic research at the NatLab of Royal Philips Electronics Ltd. in Eindhoven. Using the alias Kid Baltan (Dik NatLab reversed), he and Tom Dissevelt formed Electrosoniks and produced some of the very first electronic pop music. Jean-Jacques Perrey visited them at the time and cited them as an inspiration. While at NatLab, Raaymakers assisted Edgard Varèse with assembling his piece Poème électronique, commissioned by Philips for Expo 58. From 1960 to 1962 he held an appointment as scientific staff member at the University of Utrecht. From 1963 to 1966 he collaborated with Jan Boerman in his own studio for electronic music in the Hague. He was one of the co-founders of STEIM, the STudio for Electro-Instrumental Music. In 1966 he founded the electronic music studio at the Royal Conservatory of the Hague and lectured on electronic and contemporary music until his retirement in 1995. From 1991 he taught music theatre at the Image and Sound Interfaculty at the same conservatory. He died on the third of September, 2013. His archives are preserved at the Netherlands Music Institute.
Raaymakers received several awards for his contribution to the development of visual arts and music in the Netherlands.
Song of the Second Moon, “the first piece of electronic pop music”, was recorded in about 1957. It was produced over a couple of days by Dick Raaijmakers (aka Kid Baltan), pressed as a single and given away to visitors to the Phillips NatLab.
You can also check a video of Kid Baltan and Tom Dissevelt at Philips Nat Lab 1959, explaining (Dutch language) how electronic tape music is made. Broadcast by VARA television on 17 January 1959: